Oak Grove Baptist Church

Striving to become the church of choice for this generation.

What Being Good Is All About

Scripture Outline

  1. How to Be a Good Christian Wife (1Pe_3:1-6)
  2. How to Be a Good Christian Husband (1Pe_3:7)
  3. Repaying Evil with Good (1Pe_3:8-12)
  4. Sharing the Hope (1Pe_3:13-16)
  5. Suffering for Doing Good (1Pe_3:17-22)

1 Peter 3:8-12

Repaying Evil with Good

  1. After Giving Instruction To Us Regarding How We Should Live In
  • relationship to outsiders (1Pe_2:11-12),
  • to government (1Pe_2:13-17),
  • to masters (1Pe_2:18-25),
  • to husbands (1Pe_3:1-6)
  • and to wives (1Pe_3:7),
  1. Peter Now Gives A Summary Of The Qualities Which We Should Express In Our Relationships With:
  • every person who comes into our lives—
  • especially those who are brothers and sisters in Christ.
  1. "BE OF ONE MIND" (1PE_3:8).
  1. A better translation of this word of instruction would be, "Live in harmony with one another!"
  1. The word translated as "one mind" or "harmony" is homóphrōn, which literally means "harmony," "unity," "akin," or "together."
  1. Although this is the only place in Scripture where this particular word is used, it comes from a family of words which is used often to denote the oneness or harmony of the body of Christ.

For Example, In The Book Of Acts We Read, "Now When The Day Of Pentecost Had Fully Come, They Were All With One Accord In One Place" (Act_2:1).

The Word Translated As "One Accord" is HOMOTHUMADÓN which is used some seven times just in the Book of Acts to describe the oneness and the harmony of the early believers who comprised the church.

God has called His sons and daughters to live in harmony with Him and with one another. It is His desire for us to be growing continually into a unity of the faith and a unity of the knowledge of Jesus Christ so that we may grow into maturity to become more and more like Jesus Christ Himself (Eph_4:13).

All of us have witnessed the harmony of an orchestra when all the instruments are in tune and all the musicians are following the lead of the conductor. And many of us have been thrilled to watch an athletic team which is playing together with perfect unity as opposed to each player doing his or her own thing.

This should be the experience of our lives and of our churches. The oneness and the harmony which our Lord desires for the church must begin with us. The church is people—the people of God. When we are living under the lordship of Jesus Christ and are in tune with Him, we are in harmony with our brothers and sisters in Christ. When there is disharmony and disunity in the church, sin is present. The solution is spiritual not organizational. We must seek the will of the Lord together—and do it. Then there will be harmony.

2. HAVE COMPASSION FOR ONE ANOTHER (1PE_3:8). The Greek word translated as "compassion" is sumpathḗs from which we get our English word "sympathy." Peter instructs us to be sympathetic or compassionate toward one another.

As a pastor, I have discovered that on a given Sunday, there are a certain number of people in our worshiping congregation who are hurting and who need our sympathy and compassion. The ministry of reaching out in love to Those Dear People Needs To Be A Part Of Our Worship Experience.

  1. And, of course, it needs to be A Vital Part Of Our Personal Ministry Within The Body Of Christ.
  2. The people of God should always be able to share their needs and hurts with one another.
  3. And we who are pastors of the flock of God should make certain that the right atmosphere and opportunities to share are provided.
  4. In my opinion, that is why small groups are so important within the life of a church family.

They Provide The Atmosphere Of Love And Trust Which Encourages The Participants To Share Personal Needs And To "Bear One Another's Burdens, And So Fulfill The Law Of Christ" (Gal_6:2).

Paul Reminds Us That Within The Body Of Christ, When One Member Suffers, We All Suffer (1Co_12:26), And That We Should Rejoice With Those Who Rejoice And Weep With Those Who Weep (Rom_12:15).

Indeed, That Is The Ministry Of Sympathy And Compassion—The Very Spirit Of Christ.

3. "LOVE AS BROTHERS" (AND SISTERS) (1PE_3:8). The Word Used In This Text For "Love" Is Not Agapē But Rather Is The Compound Word Philadelphos Which Is Best Translated As "Brotherly Love."

Of Course, That Is Why The City Of Philadelphia Is Known As The "City Of Brotherly Love."

Peter Is Certainly Not Suggesting That We Should Love One Another Within The Church With A Quality Of Love Which Is Secondary To, Or Less Than The Quality Of Agapē.

Instead, He Is Using "Family Vocabulary" Which Is So Central To The Teaching Of The New Testament.

We Are Members Of The "Family Of God" And Are Brothers And Sisters In Christ With God As Our Father.

Our Instructions To Love One Another As Brothers And Sisters In Christ Are Numerous In The New Testament, Including The Instruction Of Paul To "be kindly affectionate to one another with brotherly love" (Rom_12:10).

The Writer Of Hebrews Encourages Us To "let brotherly love continue" (Heb_13:1). In Other Words, PHILADELPHOS Should Be Our Continual Lifestyle For Brothers And Sisters In Christ.

4. "BE TENDERHEARTED" (1PE_3:8). To be "tenderhearted," eúsplanchnos, is to be "kindly" or "pitiful."

Again, It Denotes The Very Spirit Of Christ.

If We Are To Live For Christ, Or If We Are To Allow Him To Live In And Through Us, We Must Be Tenderhearted. Our Hearts Need To Be Broken With The Things That Break The Heart Of Our Lord.

One Of The First Scripture Verses That Many Of Us Learned As Children Was, "And Be Kind To One Another, Tenderhearted, Forgiving One Another, Even As God In Christ Forgave You" (Eph_4:32).

Of Course, We Must Not Only Believe The Message Of That Verse—We Must Live It.

Unfortunately, There Is Often A Great Gulf Between Our Biblical Knowledge And Our Lifestyle, Between Our Theology And Our Actions.

I Witnessed A Vivid Example Of This Discrepancy While I Was A Student In A Chicago Theological Seminary In The Mid-1960s During The Time In Which The Infamous "God Is Dead" Movement Was Taking Place In The Church.

One Of The Noted "God Is Dead" Theologians Was Invited To Our Campus To Debate One Of The Leading Evangelical Scholars Of Our Nation. The Evangelical Theologian Easily Won The Debate In Terms Of Content And Spiritual Truth. However, In My Opinion, He Lost The Debate In Another Vital Area—That Of Personal Conduct.

The "God Is Dead" Theologian Was A Gracious, Kind Man Who Shared His Material With An Open Spirit, While The Evangelical Theologian Was A Critical, Negative, Unkind, And Sarcastic Man Who Fought, Attacked, And Condemned. His Lifestyle Loudly Contradicted All The Truth He Verbalized. (How Tragic It Is To Know The Truths Of God And To Live Like The Devil.) Christ Is Calling Us To Be Compassionate And Loving And Tenderhearted And Courteous—Like Christ Himself.

5. BE COURTEOUS (1PE_3:8). This word translated as "courteous" is philóphrōn, from the same root word as philadelphı́aphı́los, or friend. It Means Literally To Be "Friendly Of Mind" Or To Be "Courteous In Our Attitude."

Again, We Are Reminded That We Are Not Merely To Love Those Who Love Us, But To Be Loving And Courteous To All Who Come Into Our Lives—Like Christ.

The Challenge Is To Treat Others With The Same Courtesy And Love That We Would Extend To A Dear Friend.

And This Must Not Be Done Merely Mechanically Or As A Religious Duty. It Must Begin With A "Courteous" Or "Friendly" Attitude.

6. BE A BLESSING (1PE_3:9-12).

We Who Belong To Christ And Are Possessed By Him Should Bring Blessing Wherever We Go And Through Whatever We Do.

To Be Sure, We Live In A World In Which We Are Often Confronted By Evil. Our Natural Response Is To Do Evil To Those Who Do Evil To Us.

But Peter Reminds Us Of The Basis Of Christian Ethics And Lifestyle: We Should Not Render Evil For Evil Or Reviling For Reviling, But On The Contrary, We Should Do Good To Those Who Do Evil.

In Fact, Bringing Blessing To Others Is A Part Of Our Christian Calling (1Pe_3:9).

The New English Bible Has A Marvelous Translation Of Those Important Instructions: "Do Not Repay Wrong With Wrong, Or Abuse With Abuse; On The Contrary, Retaliate With Blessing" (1Pe_3:9).

What A Marvelous Ministry God Has Entrusted To Us.

We Should Be On The Offensive In Bringing Blessing To Our Society, And We Should Be Especially Aggressive In Bringing Blessing To Those Who Do Evil To Us And To Others.

Peter Reminds Us Next Of The Fact That When We Bring Blessings To Others, We Are Blessed Ourselves.

The Goodness Of God Is A Blessing To Everyone.

He Quotes From Psa_34:12-16, Which In Verses Psa_34:10-12 Encourages Us To Turn Away From Evil And To Do Good.

That Is A Wonderful Way To Live—Like Christ.


1 Peter 3:8-12

Repaying Evil with Good

After Giving Instruction To Us Regarding How We Should Live In Relationship To:

  1. outsiders (1Pe_2:11-12),
  2. to government (1Pe_2:13-17),
  3. to masters (1Pe_2:18-25),
  4. to husbands (1Pe_3:1-6)
  5. and to wives (1Pe_3:7),


Peter Now Gives A Summary Of The Qualities Which We Should Express In Our Relationships With Every Person Who Comes Into Our Lives—Especially Those Who Are Brothers And Sisters In Christ.


  1. "Be Of One Mind" (1Pe_3:8).
  1. A Better Translation Of This Word Of Instruction Would Be, "Live In Harmony With One Another!"
  2. The Word Translated As "One Mind" Or "Harmony" Is Homóphrōn, Which Literally Means "Harmony," "Unity," "Akin," Or "Together."
  3. Although This Is The Only Place In Scripture Where This Particular Word Is Used, It Comes From A Family Of Words Which Is Used Often To Denote The Oneness Or Harmony Of The Body Of Christ.

For example, in the Book of Acts we read, "Now when the Day of Pentecost had fully come, they were all with one accord in one place" (Act_2:1).

The word translated as "ONE ACCORD" IS HOMOTHUMADÓN which is used some seven times just in the Book of Acts to describe the ONENESS and the harmony of the early believers who comprised the church.

God has called His sons and daughters to live in harmony with Him and with one another.

It is His desire for us to be growing Continually Into A Unity of the Faith And A Unity Of The Knowledge Of Jesus Christ

  1. So That We May Grow Into Maturity To Become More And More Like Jesus Christ Himself (Eph_4:13).

Eph 4:13  Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:

  1. All Of Us Have Witnessed The Harmony Of An Orchestra When All The Instruments Are In Tune And All The Musicians Are Following The Lead Of The Conductor.
  2. And Many Of Us Have Been Thrilled To Watch An Athletic Team Which Is Playing Together With Perfect Unity As Opposed To Each Player Doing His Or Her Own Thing.
  3. This Should Be The Experience Of Our Lives And Of Our Churches. The Oneness And The Harmony Which Our Lord Desires For The Church Must Begin With Us.
  4. The Church Is People—The People Of God. When We Are Living Under The Lordship Of Jesus Christ And Are In Tune With Him, We Are In Harmony With Our Brothers And Sisters In Christ.
  5. When There Is Disharmony And Disunity In The Church, Sin Is Present. The Solution Is Spiritual Not Organizational. We Must Seek The Will Of The Lord Together—And Do It. Then There Will Be Harmony.

  1. Have Compassion For One Another (1Pe_3:8).
  1. The Greek word translated as "compassion" is sumpathḗs from which we get our English word "sympathy."
  2. Peter instructs us to be sympathetic or compassionate toward one another.

As a pastor, I have discovered that on a given Sunday, there are a certain number of people in our worshiping congregation who are hurting and who need our sympathy and compassion. The ministry of reaching out in love to those dear people needs to be a part of our worship experience. And, of course, it needs to be a vital part of our personal ministry within the body of Christ.

The people of God should always be able to share their needs and hurts with one another. And we who are pastors of the flock of God should make certain that the right atmosphere and opportunities to share are provided.

In my opinion, that is why small groups are so important within the life of a church family. They provide the atmosphere of love and trust which encourages the participants to share personal needs and to "bear one another's burdens, and so fulfill the law of Christ" (Gal_6:2).

Paul reminds us that within the body of Christ, when one member suffers, we all suffer (1Co_12:26), and that we should rejoice with those who rejoice and weep with those who weep (Rom_12:15). Indeed, that is the ministry of sympathy and compassion—the very spirit of Christ.


  1. "Love As Brothers" (And Sisters) (1Pe_3:8).

The word used in this text for "love" is not agapē but rather is the compound word philadelphos which is best translated as "brotherly love." Of course, that is why the city of Philadelphia is known as the "City of Brotherly Love."

Peter is certainly not suggesting that we should love one another within the church with a quality of love which is secondary to, or less than the quality of agapē. Instead, he is using "family vocabulary" which is so central to the teaching of the New Testament. We are members of the "family of God" and are brothers and sisters in Christ with God as our Father.

Our instructions to love one another as brothers and sisters in Christ are numerous in the New Testament, including the instruction of Paul to "be kindly affectionate to one another with brotherly love" (Rom_12:10). The writer of Hebrews encourages us to "let brotherly love continue" (Heb_13:1). In other words, philadelphos should be our continual lifestyle for brothers and sisters in Christ.


  1. "Be Tenderhearted" (1Pe_3:8).

To be "tenderhearted," eúsplanchnos, is to be "kindly" or "pitiful." Again, it denotes the very Spirit of Christ. If we are to live for Christ, or if we are to allow Him to live in and through us, we must be tenderhearted. Our hearts need to be broken with the things that break the heart of our Lord.

One of the first Scripture verses that many of us learned as children was, "And be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God in Christ forgave you" (Eph_4:32). Of course, we must not only believe the message of that verse—we must live it.

Unfortunately, there is often a great gulf between our biblical knowledge and our lifestyle, between our theology and our actions. I witnessed a vivid example of this discrepancy while I was a student in a Chicago theological seminary in the mid-1960s during the time in which the infamous "God is dead" movement was taking place in the church.

One of the noted "God is dead" theologians was invited to our campus to debate one of the leading evangelical scholars of our nation. The evangelical theologian easily won the debate in terms of content and spiritual truth. However, in my opinion, he lost the debate in another vital area—that of personal conduct.

The "God is dead" theologian was a gracious, kind man who shared his material with an open spirit, while the evangelical theologian was a critical, negative, unkind, and sarcastic man who fought, attacked, and condemned. His lifestyle loudly contradicted all the truth he verbalized. (How tragic it is to know the truths of God and to live like the devil.) Christ is calling us to be compassionate and loving and tenderhearted and courteous—like Christ Himself.


  1. Be Courteous (1Pe_3:8).

This word translated as "courteous" is philóphrōn, from the same root word as philadelphı́a—phı́los, or friend. It means literally to be "friendly of mind" or to be "courteous in our attitude."

Again we are reminded that we are not merely to love those who love us, but to be loving and courteous to all who come into our lives—like Christ. The challenge is to treat others with the same courtesy and love that we would extend to a dear friend. And this must not be done merely mechanically or as a religious duty. It must begin with a "courteous" or "friendly" attitude.


  1. Be A Blessing (1Pe_3:9-12).

We who belong to Christ and are possessed by Him should bring blessing wherever we go and through whatever we do. To be sure, we live in a world in which we are often confronted by evil. Our natural response is to do evil to those who do evil to us. But Peter reminds us of the basis of Christian ethics and lifestyle: we should not render evil for evil or reviling for reviling, but on the contrary, we should do good to those who do evil. In fact, bringing blessing to others is a part of our Christian calling (1Pe_3:9).

The New English Bible has a marvelous translation of those important instructions: "Do not repay wrong with wrong, or abuse with abuse; on the contrary, retaliate with blessing" (1Pe_3:9). What a marvelous ministry God has entrusted to us. We should be on the offensive in bringing blessing to our society, and we should be especially aggressive in bringing blessing to those who do evil to us and to others.

Peter reminds us next of the fact that when we bring blessings to others, we are blessed ourselves. The goodness of God is a blessing to everyone. He quotes from Psa_34:12-16, which in verses Psa_34:10-12 encourages us to turn away from evil and to do good. That is a wonderful way to live—like Christ.


1 Peter 3:7

How to Be a Good Christian Husband


  1. As We Might Have Suspected, Peter Does Not Merely Speak To Wives Concerning How They Should Live;

  1. He Gives Some Very Helpful And Practical Advice To The Husbands.
  2. In Short, He Tells Us How We Should Live With Our Wives As Christian Husbands.

  1. Peter Tells Husbands That They Should Begin By Living With Their Wives With Understanding (1Pe_3:7).

  1. The Word For Understanding Is GNOSIS, Which Is Usually Translated AS KNOWLEDGE.

  2. If We Are To Be Understanding Or Considerate To Our Wife, We Must Know Her.
  3. That Is One Of The Greatest Challenges Of The Marriage Relationship Or Of Any Close Interpersonal Relationship.

  4. In Order To Be Able To Love Deeply, We Must Know Each Other Profoundly.
  5. If We Are To Lovingly Respond To The Needs Of Another, We Must Know What They Are.

  1. To Know Another Requires
  • Time,
  • Honesty,
  • Mutual Openness,
  • Patience,
  • Sensitivity,
  • And Above All, Love.

  1. Husbands Should Be Getting To Know Their Wives Better And Better Day By Day As They Love Them,
  2. Share With Them,
  3. Engage In Honest Communication,
  4. And Become Deeply Intimate.

  1. Peter Also Teaches That Husbands Should Give Honor And Respect To Their Wives, As Weaker Vessels (1Pe_3:7).

  1. The Word For Honor Is Timḗ Which Is Sometimes Translated As Price Or Precious.
  2. It Denotes Value And Esteem.

  1. Indeed, A Wife Should Be Treated As
  1. Someone Very Precious,
  2. Of Great Value,
  3. And To Be Highly Esteemed.
  1. A Woman Writing To A Newspaper Columnist Expressed It In The Following Way:

Woman Was Created From The Rib Of A Man.
She Was Not Made From His Head To Top Him,
Nor Out Of His Feet To Be Trampled Upon.
But Out Of His Side To Be Equal To Him,
Under His Arm To Be Protected,
And Near His Heart To Be Loved.


  1. The Lord Has Not Given More Of His Grace Of Life To Either The Husband Or The Wife.

  1. Together, A Man And His Wife Are The Children Of God And, Therefore, Heirs Of God And Joint Heirs With Christ (1Pe_3:7, Rom_8:17).

  2. What Grace! That God Should Extend His Love To Us In Such Great Measure That We Should Enjoy All The Benefits Of Being His Children.

  1. Husbands And Wives Are Neither Inferior Nor Superior To One Another.
  1. We Are Encouraged To Love Each Other,

  2. To Serve Each Other With The Love And Spirit Of Christ, And To Live As Heirs Together Of The Grace Of Life.

  3. In Other Words, We Should Live In Communion With God And With Each Other.
  1. Peter Underscores The Importance Of Living In A Vital Communion With Each Other When He States,

  • "That Your Prayers Not Be Hindered." There Is Only One Thing That Hinders Prayers, And That Is Sin.

  1. And Jesus spoke about the very special sin which will hinder our prayers.
  1. It Is The Sin Of Being Unforgiving.

  2. As Jesus Taught His Disciples And Us How To Pray In His Sermon On The Mount,
  3. He Concluded His Teaching On Prayer By Saying,

  • "For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses" (Mat_6:14-15).

  1. I believe that Peter is focusing on that Basic Teaching when he instructs Husbands To So Treat Their Wives that their prayers not be hindered.
  1. They must be living in a loving,
  2. open,
  3. sensitive,
  4. forgiving relationship.
  5. Nothing should separate their love, fidelity, and commitment.

Shortly before my wife, Jeannie, and I were married, some friends held a bridal shower for her. One of the highlights of the evening was a time when each of the ladies shared a word of advice or counsel for the young bride-to-be. There was a wise Christian lady who shared some advice which has been of great help to us over the years of our marriage. It was simply this: "Never go to sleep at night without forgiving each other for anything that needs forgiving."


  1. That is exactly what Peter is saying.
  1. Love your wife in the same way in which Christ relates to the church.
  2. Let love prevail.

  3. Treat your wife with understanding and honor as one who is very precious.
  1. Live together as heirs of The Grace Of God in its many and varied forms.
  1. And keep forgiving her and loving her and living in vital union with her.
  1. Paul summarized these important truths as follows:
  • "And be kind to one another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, just as God in Christ also forgave you" (Eph_4:32).

What Being Good Is All About

Scripture Outline

  1. How to Be a Good Christian Wife (1Pe_3:1-6)
  2. How to Be a Good Christian Husband (1Pe_3:7)
  3. Repaying Evil with Good (1Pe_3:8-12)
  4. Sharing the Hope (1Pe_3:13-16)
  5. Suffering for Doing Good (1Pe_3:17-22)


God is the source of all that is good! As James declares, "Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above and comes down from the Father …" (Jas_1:17). If God is the source of our new life in Christ, we must be living good lives and doing good things. And so Jesus said, "Let your light so shine before men, that they may see your good works and glorify your Father in heaven" (Mat_5:16).


John Wesley had a marvelous rule concerning being good and doing good. It was simply this:

Do all the good you can,
By all the means you can,
In all the ways you can,
In all the places you can,
At all the times you can,
To all the people you can,
As long as ever you can.

As Peter has written about the important subjects of "What Salvation Is All About" and "What Christian Living Is All About," he now turns to the important subject of "What Being Good Is All About." And he begins with the important subject of how to be a good wife.


1 Peter 3:1-6

How to Be a Good Christian Wife

An ancient Jewish proverb states, "God could not be everywhere, and so He made mothers." Of course, that is not to deny His omnipresence, but rather to acknowledge that in the present age, God has chosen to live in and through the lives of His people. And for many of us, He has expressed Himself indelibly through the lives of our Christian mothers.


An eight-year-old girl wrote the following letter to a local newspaper. Although her spelling and punctuation could be improved, little Nicole has written what many of us have experienced in our own lives—a mother who has done so much good for us and for others:


"My mom's the most because she never spoils me. She says I can have friends over when she raises me excellent and when I want somebody for I ask her well most of the time she doesn't let me go any comfort, and to love up. My mom takes care of were alone because I might get kidnapped she is a good mother. She has seven daughters and that is why it is hard for her to be nice to all of us but she is. I had an operation on my eyes and she was with me every second ecsept for in the operation room she rubbed my head and told me it would be okay I love my mom so much she is so kind to me."


Indeed, our Lord has lived in and through the lives of many of our mothers and wives and other significant women who have touched us deeply for good and for God. It is to this important subject which Peter is writing. How can one be a good and godly wife? Peter shares three specific attributes of a good Christian wife which are appropriate not only for the Christian wife, but for all women who would please God by their good lives.


First, Verses 1Pe_3:1 And 1Pe_3:2 Describe The Quality Of Conduct Or Behavior Which Is Most Pleasing To God.


Earlier in this letter, Peter has written, "As He who called you is holy, you also be holy in all your conduct" (1Pe_1:15). God calls all of us to the life of holy behavior.

Such a lifestyle releases great influence upon the lives of others. Peter contends that this kind of living is much more important than what we say. In fact, he asks that Christian wives so live that husbands who do not obey the Word may be won by the conduct of their wives.


Several years ago, an attractive young wife came to personal faith in Christ through the ministry of the church which I was serving as pastor. Prior to her conversion, she and her husband had been involved in a very immoral lifestyle.


Shortly after becoming a Christian, she came to me for counsel regarding how she could best influence her husband so that he might come to new life through Jesus Christ. In response to her question, I shared these verses from 1 Peter, chapter 3, and then I made the following suggestion: "At a proper time, tell your husband what has happened to you. Tell him about the love and forgiveness of Christ, and what a difference He is making in your life. Then, never mention another word about God or Christ or the gospel again until he asks you or until the Holy Spirit prompts you to speak. In the meantime, live for Christ in all that you do. Allow Him to fill you with the Holy Spirit and to give you the fruit of the Spirit of love and joy and peace and so on."


We prayed together, and then she went home to live for Christ and to love her husband as only Christ could enable her to do. Some three months later, I had the privilege of leading her husband to Christ. At that time I asked him, "What influenced you most for Christ?"


Without a moment's hesitation, he responded. "It has been my wife. Several weeks ago she told me of how she had come to know Christ personally. She said that she hoped that I would also come to Christ, but that she would not bug me. Whenever I had a question or whenever I was ready to know more, she would share with me. She was a changed woman. She did not nag me or preach to me; she only loved me! I know that whatever she has is what I want and need. And I believe that it is Jesus Christ."

The message of Peter worked in that husband's life and it has been used of God in countless others. It is not a message of compromise or nonchalance; it is a message of holy and godly living. It is a reminder that we seldom "talk" or "argue" people into the kingdom; we love and pray and influence them by our holy living. This allows the Holy Spirit to minister through us and to draw people to Christ!


In fact, Peter goes on to say that this holy living must be done with chaste conduct and with fear. The Greek word "chaste" is hágnos, which comes from the root hágios, "holy." It is the word often translated in the New Testament as "pure." For example, in 1Ti_5:22, Paul instructs us to keep ourselves pure.


The word fear is phóbos. A better translation is "reverence." Peter uses this word several times in this epistle including chapter 1, verse 1Pe_1:17, chapter 2, verse 1Pe_2:18, and chapter 3, verse 1Pe_3:15. In summary, his teaching is simply this, that we should live the holy life of purity and reverence so that we might influence those outside the faith by our godly behavior.


The Second Attribute Of A Good Christian Wife Is Found In Verses 1Pe_3:3 And 1Pe_3:4.

There is a form of beauty which comes from the outward adorning of the body such as the arranging of the hair, wearing jewelry, or putting on fine apparel. Peter asks for Christian women to recognize that there is a beauty which is far more vital and important. He does not suggest that it is wrong to dress beautifully. In fact, the godly woman described in Proverbs 31 has clothing of silk and purple.


But there is a beauty which is much deeper and of a much higher priority. It is the beauty of the inner person which Peter describes as the hidden person of the heart. This person should be adorned with the incorruptible ornament or unfading beauty of a gentle and quiet spirit, which is very precious in the sight of God.


This is a beauty which never fades. It is spiritual beauty. It is the kind of beauty described in the old hymn:

Let the beauty of Jesus be seen in me,
All His wonderful passion and purity;
O Thou Spirit divine, all my nature refine,
'Till the beauty of Jesus be seen in me!


The Third Of The Attributes Peter Describes Is Submission (1Pe_3:5-6), A Subject That Is Never Popular.


At the very center of our sinful nature is the deep desire to go our own way, to do our own thing, to be "number one." The only way we can come to God is to submit to Him. But that submission is not based upon rebellion or legalism or "doing it because we have to."


Love is at the root of the biblical understanding of submission. The Scripture tells us that Jesus submitted to the Father because of His deep love for Him, and that He submitted to the Cross because of His deep love for us.


To submit is not to be inferior. To the contrary, Jesus was equal with God but He emptied Himself in submission by becoming a servant and He humbled Himself and became obedient to the point of death, even death on the Cross.


Within the kingdom of God, the servant is greater than the master. He or she who serves is to be the greatest in the kingdom. The leader in the church should not lord over the flock, but should serve them. "Just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many" (Mat_20:25-28).


A Christian marriage is predicated upon the same principles. A woman is not inferior or superior to a man in marriage. In Christ "there is neither male nor female; for you are all one in Christ Jesus" (Gal_3:28). Submission of the wife to the husband is not a matter of inferiority; it is simply a matter of love. She does it because she loves Christ, because she loves her husband, and because she is obeying the Word of the Lord.


But we must also remember that the husband is also to serve the wife. "Husbands, love your wives, just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself for it" (Eph_5:25). The teaching is clear: Christian husbands are to give themselves for their wives in the same way in which Christ gave Himself for the church.


And then there is the matter of mutual submission within the body of Christ which is even a higher principle. It is the key to Christian marriage. Paul declared that we should submit to one another out of reverence for Christ (Eph_5:21). That is a basic principle of the Christian faith. We should live under the lordship of Christ as willing servants and joyfully submit to each other as servants of Christ and of one another.

With the understanding of this basic Christian principle, we can better understand what Peter is teaching to the leaders of the church in the first verses of chapter 5 and what he is teaching Christian wives in this portion. Christian wives should be submissive to their own husbands as Sarah was to Abraham.


How does one do that? Peter gives us two practical answers. 

First, a Christian wife should do what is right, and then she should not give way to fear nor be afraid with any terror (1Pe_3:6).


To do what is right, or what is good, is to keep the commandments of the Lord. And what are those commandments which our Lord has given to us? Jesus said, "And you shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, with all your soul, with all your mind, and with all your strength… . You shall love your neighbor as yourself" (Mar_12:30-31).


To do good is to obey the Lord's commandments. And all of His commandments are summarized in these two. A wife that is doing good is a wife that is loving God and loving her husband and loving her family. She is a "lover" in the biblical sense of the word.


Second, she must not give way to fear. 

And how does one overcome or escape fear? The biblical answer is clear, "There is no fear in love; but perfect love casts out fear, because fear involves torment. But he who fears has not been made perfect in love" (1Jn_4:18).


Once again, the answer is love. It is not difficult to submit to a God we love and then to serve Him. It is not difficult to submit to a husband we love and then to serve him. It is not difficult to give ourselves for a wife whom we love as Christ loves the church and gave Himself for it. To serve is to love—and Christ is our model.


SCRIPTURE OUTLINE

  1. Growing Goes Better With Milk (1Pe_2:1-3)
  2. Building with Living Stones (1Pe_2:4-8)
  3. The Truth About Self-Image (1Pe_2:9-10)
  4. Goodness, Freedom, and Servanthood (1Pe_2:11-17)
  5. Called to Be Servants (1Pe_2:18-25)

1 Peter 2:18-25

Called to Be Servants

  • Pe 2:18  Servants, be subject to your masters with all fear; not only to the good and gentle, but also to the froward. 
  • 1Pe 2:19  For this is thankworthy, if a man for conscience toward God endure grief, suffering wrongfully. 
  • 1Pe 2:20  For what glory is it, if, when ye be buffeted for your faults, ye shall take it patiently? but if, when ye do well, and suffer for it, ye take it patiently, this is acceptable with God. 
  • 1Pe 2:21  For even hereunto were ye called: because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that ye should follow his steps: 
  • 1Pe 2:22  Who did no sin, neither was guile found in his mouth: 
  • 1Pe 2:23  Who, when he was reviled, reviled not again; when he suffered, he threatened not; but committed himself to him that judgeth righteously: 
  • 1Pe 2:24  Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness: by whose stripes ye were healed. 
  • 1Pe 2:25  For ye were as sheep going astray; but are now returned unto the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls. 

=========================================================


Peter continues to address the vital subject of servanthood which is central to Christian lifestyle. Not long ago, I was leading a small group of professional people in a Bible study on the Book of James. Within that context, I shared a word study on the word "faith" which is so central to the message of James. I contended that an appropriate biblical definition for faith is "active obedience," and shared that God has called us to be His obedient servants. The initial response of those in the group was surprise and resistance.

Like many of us, they had fallen into the self-centered lifestyle. They did not wish to be servants of anyone nor were they excited about the lifestyle of obedience. Instead they preferred for God to fall into the flow of their lives and to subscribe to their wishes.

Of course, they were challenging one of the basic requirements of being a true Christian. To follow Jesus Christ as Lord in obedience and to serve Him is not an option for authentic Christian lifestyle; it is imperative. And, as we serve Christ, we must also serve others. It is this teaching which Peter now expands.


"Servants, be submissive to your masters" (1Pe_2:18). The statement is clear. Christians are not free to merely do their own thing nor to simply follow Christ without carrying on their responsibility to their masters. To submit (hupotássō) is to be subject. Christian servants are to be subject to their masters (1Pe_2:18); all Christians are to be subject to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake (1Pe_2:13). Christian wives are to be subject to their husbands (1Pe_3:1); younger Christians are to be subject to their elders (1Pe_5:5); and all Christians are to be subject to one another (1Pe_5:5).


In verse 1Pe_2:18, Peter implies that it is quite easy and natural for us to be submissive and obedient to employers who are good to us and gentle with us. In fact, it is a very real temptation to take advantage of such employers.


Paul's instructions to the Ephesian believers are appropriate for us as we consider this passage. "Bondservants, be obedient to those who are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in sincerity of heart, as to Christ; not with eyeservice, as menpleasers, but as bondservants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart" (Eph_6:5-6).


Paul continues by reminding us that when we work for others, we should not do more merely to please them but rather we should work as unto the Lord Himself. In other words, we should not merely "get by" with what is expected of us by kind and gentle employers. We should do our very best in a way that will please God. When we please God, we will be pleasing to our employers. Excellence for God usually brings the approval and admiration of God from employers.


To submit to employers who are good and gentle is not difficult, but verse 1Pe_2:18 also instructs us to submit to masters who are harsh. To be whipped or beaten into submission is one thing, but to submit by one's own free will to a harsh master is quite improbable or even impossible without the Lord's help. However, Peter is not talking about the natural; he is counseling us to enjoy and to practice the life of the Spirit—the supernatural.


He contends that such conduct is "commendable" because it requires that our conscience toward God is the motivation for such behavior (1Pe_2:19). We endure grief and suffer because our deepest commitment is to Jesus Christ, and the ultimate purpose of our work is to please Him—to do all to His glory (1Co_10:31).


This conduct is also commendable because it is pleasing to God (1Pe_2:20). Peter writes with directness and honesty when he asks the rhetorical question, "For what credit is it if, when you are beaten for your faults, you take it patiently?" (1Pe_2:20). His inference is clear—that response is expected of us by our earthly masters and by our society.


However, there is a dimension of Christian behavior which goes far beyond that which is expected by others, and it is pleasing to God. That is when we do good and suffer for it, and take it patiently. This behavior is commendable before God (1Pe_2:20). This kind of behavior not only brings glory to God, but it also has the potential of ministering to our masters and to others around us.


In fact, most of us have seen the power of that kind of behavior affect the lives of others. For example, a number of years ago, I met a man who had come to personal faith in Christ through the influence of his teenage son who had personified this kind of behavior to his father.


The young man had been stricken with polio at an early age and was badly crippled in both of his legs. His father had become very bitter over this malady which had afflicted his only son. He became an alcoholic and began to badly mistreat his wife and son.


Life became literally "hell on earth" for his family. However, within this context, the mother and son began to attend church and both received Christ as Savior and Lord. Their hatred and resistance to the man's cruelty was changed to love and concern. One evening, after the father had beaten the boy badly, he realized that the boy was expressing love to him rather than fear and hatred.


He was deeply touched by that response even in his stupor. He asked the boy why he was responding so strangely, and the young man replied, "It's because I love you, Daddy. God loves you, and so do I!"


During the coming months, as he continued to abuse his wife and son, that simple message kept coming back to him, "God loves you, and so do I!" The more hatred and bitterness he directed toward his family, the more love they returned to him. And one evening, he could stand it no longer. He was so convicted by the Holy Spirit through the love of his own son, he blurted out to the young man, "I want to love you and your mother and God! How can I do it?"


That night, his twelve-year-old son explained how he could come to know God through personal faith in Jesus Christ as Savior and Lord. The boy led his father to Christ. That is the potential power of "supernatural" living in relationship to harsh masters, bitter parents, and to all of those outside the kingdom of God.


The kind of behavior to which we have been called (1Pe_2:21) is not an option to the believer; it is expected of us by our Lord. Yet we do not need to live that kind of lifestyle without help or without an adequate example. Jesus Christ is the source for both our help and our example. Peter reminds us that He also suffered for us "leaving us an example, that [we] should follow His steps" (1Pe_2:21). Peter then quotes from Isa_53:9, "Who committed no sin, nor was guile found in His mouth."


To disobey even a harsh master is to sin. To obey with bitterness or anger or accommodation as our motive is also sin. Love is the only motive which is acceptable to God for any and all of our behavior (1Co_13:1-3). Indeed, we should follow the steps of Christ who did everything with the motive of love.


What a difference that makes in our attitude and conduct. For example, because Christ loved, He did not revile in return when He was reviled; when He suffered unjustly at the hands of others, He did not threaten them. He simply loved them and committed Himself to His Father (1Pe_2:23).


His love for us and for all people motivated Him to bear our sins in His own body on the Cross that we might be forgiven of our sins and live for righteousness (1Pe_2:24). That is the ultimate of love—to give our bodies, our very lives, for the unrighteous.


The marvelous result of Christ's love for us is that we were once like sheep going astray but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of our souls (1Pe_2:25). This is the ultimate example of love, given to us by Jesus Christ. Martin Luther summarized the example of Christ well when he wrote, "When I consider my crosses, tribulations, and temptations, I shame myself almost to death thinking what are they in comparison to the sufferings of my blessed Savior Christ Jesus."


As Christ has so lived for us, we are able to live for Him and for others. And as we do, we are enabled to give an answer to those who ask, "Why do you have such hope and such love? Why are you so good to me when I am so bad to you? Why do you love me when I abuse you?" We should be ready to tell them about Jesus (1Pe_3:15).


  1. Growing Goes Better With Milk (1Pe_2:1-3)
  2. Building with Living Stones (1Pe_2:4-8)
  3. The Truth About Self-Image (1Pe_2:9-10)
  4. Goodness, Freedom, and Servanthood (1Pe_2:11-17)
  5. Called to Be Servants (1Pe_2:18-25)

1 Peter 2:9-10

  1. The Truth About Self-Image
  1. No society in history has motivated its people to be more concerned about "SELF-IMAGE" than has contemporary American society.
    1. We Have Been Led To Believe That If Our Self-Image Is Adequate,
    2. The Remaining Areas Of Our Lives Will Become Well-Adjusted And Successful.
  2. This contention has resulted in a literal flood of books and magazine articles on the subject of self-image.
    1. One of the most popular teachings was called transactional psychology.
    2. Its major premise declared, "I'm O.K. and you're O.K."
  3. The Scripture also speaks to the challenge of self-image.
    1. It declares that OUR BASIC PROBLEM with A Poor Self-Image Is Spiritual.
    2. Peter speaks very specifically about the need.
    3. Although he does not label it as "self-image," he teaches that the solution to enjoying an adequate self-image is
  • In living a life that is authentic in order for the communication of self to be adequate.

As I mentioned previously, early in my ministry I had the privilege of ministering for several years with the Billy Graham Evangelistic Association. You can imagine that those were days of great growth and learning.

In a memorable meeting of the Billy Graham team, one of the team members shared a spiritual insight I have never forgotten. The topic of discussion was the "image" of Dr. Graham and his ministry. He summarized the subject by declaring, "Our need is not to create any kind of image for this ministry. It is our task to simply and honestly communicate the image God has created for Dr. Graham and his ministry!"

  1. That is exactly what Peter is saying about self-image.
    1. We cannot create a self-image which does not authentically communicate what we really are or what our lifestyle actually is.
    2. We must communicate the real person and the actual lifestyle.
    3. If the self-image is to be good, the life and the lifestyle must be good.
    4. Anything less than that would be deception and hypocrisy.
    5. Peter reveals four specific characteristics of the Christian's life that should be lived and appreciated.
    6. In turn, they will make major positive contributions to our lifestyle.



      1. WE ARE A CHOSEN PEOPLE (V. 1Pe_2:9).
    1. Within the kingdom of our Lord, there is that wonderful mystery regarding Whether We Have Chosen The Lord Or He Has Chosen Us.
    2. Anyone who has studied the subject carefully in the Scriptures realizes that both are true.
  1. For example, in 1Pe_1:2,
    1. Peter has reminded us that we are "Elect According To The Foreknowledge Of God The Father."
    2. He proceeds to Teach Us To Be Holy In All Our Conduct, "as He who has called you is holy" (1Pe_1:15).
    3. Indeed, God has called us and elected us to be His chosen people.
    4. We Are Members Of His Body—The Church. He Is The Head, And We Are The Various Parts Of His Body.
  2. Peter's primary audience was comprised of JEWISH CHRISTIANS who knew
    1. a great deal about The Covenant Which God Made with the children of Israel through Moses.
  • "If you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, then you shall be a special treasure to Me above all people: for all the earth is Mine" (Exo_19:5).
  1. Think of it.

God Has Extended That Covenant To All Who Will Follow Jesus As Lord. We, Through Faith In Christ, Are God's Chosen People. As we sing in an old gospel hymn, "I'm a child of the King!" What that should do for our self-image!


  1. We Are A "Royal Priesthood" (1Pe_1:9).
  1. Whenever the church has been spiritually alive and vital,

    1. There has been A REDISCOVERY of one of The Basic Premises Of The New Covenant
    2. That is THE PRIESTHOOD OF BELIEVERS.
    3. Under The First Covenant, there were The Sons Of Aaron and then The Tribe Of Levi to whom God entrusted the privilege of being His priests.
  1. In the "New Covenant" through Jesus Christ,

    1. He Invites All Of Us to be members of His ROYAL PRIESTHOOD.
  • All of us have been called to ministry (Eph_4:11-13).
  • All of us have both the joy and the responsibility of serving Christ and each other.

(Eph 4:11)  And he gave some, apostles; and some, prophets; and some, evangelists; and some, pastors and teachers;(Eph 4:12)  For the perfecting of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:(Eph 4:13)  Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:

  1. As We Have Seen Earlier,

    1. Within The First Covenant the priests were given Three Major Functions which have been PASSED ON TO ALL CHRISTIAN BELIEVERS.
    2. FIRST, we have Direct Access To God Through Jesus Christ. Jesus is our high priest, and we need none other (Heb_4:14, Heb_5:6).
    3. SECOND, God Himself in the person of The Holy Spirit Makes Intercession For Us (Rom_8:26).
    4. THIRD, the priest would bring offerings to God for the people. Now, We Can Bring Those Offerings Directly To God.
  1. The writer of Hebrews reminds us That The Offerings which are most Acceptable To God are those of PRAISE AND SERVICE.

"Therefore by Him let us CONTINUALLY OFFER the sacrifice of PRAISE TO GOD, that is, The Fruit Of Our Lips, Giving Thanks To His Name. But do not forget to do good and to share, for with such sacrifices God is well pleased" (Heb_13:15-16).

Rom 12:1  I beseech you therefore, brethren, by the mercies of God, that ye Present Your Bodies A Living Sacrifice, holy, acceptable unto God, which is Your Reasonable Service


  1. WE ARE CITIZENS OF A "HOLY NATION" (1Pe_2:9).
  1. From The Very Beginning Of His First Epistle, Peter Is Reminding His Readers That We Are Citizens Of A Holy Nation.
  1. He refers to Christians as "pilgrims [strangers, aliens] SCATTERED throughout the world" (1Pe_1:1).
  2. He also refers to believers as those who are "STAYING HERE" (1Pe_1:17).
  1. TO BELONG TO CHRIST IS TO BELONG TO HIS KINGDOM.
  1. Most of you who are reading this commentary Are Citizens Of One Of The Nations Of The World such as The United States Of America, Canada, Or India.
  2. But Peter is writing about A SPIRITUAL CITIZENSHIP That Transcends All Geographical Borders or Political Differences.
  3. If we belong to Christ, We Are Citizens Of His Holy Nation which is ETERNAL.

"Now, therefore, you are no longer strangers and foreigners, but fellow citizens with the saints and Members Of The Household Of God" (Eph_2:19).


  1. We Are "His Own SPECIAL PEOPLE" (1Pe_2:9-10).

    1. Peter reminds us of the awesome and wonderful truth that once We Were Not A People,
  1. BUT NOW we are The People Of God (1Pe_2:10).
  2. This marvelous fact has not come to reality by mere chance; it has been the plan of God for ages.

    1. Paul shares this fact in Rom_9:25 when he quotes from The Prophet Hosea,

"I will call them My people, who were not My people, and her beloved, who was not beloved" (Hos_2:23).


    1. And, in the following verse, Rom_9:26, he quotes Isaiah,

"And it shall come to pass in the place where it was said to them, 'You are not My people.' There they shall be called sons of the living God" (Hos_1:10).

  1. Paul Shares That Same Truth In 2Co_6:16-17
  1. as he quotes from Lev_26:12, Jer_32:38, and Eze_37:27.
  2. In addition, The Writer Of Hebrews communicates about the wonderful fact that Those Who Were Not The People Of God In The First Covenant Have Become The People Of God Through The New Covenant (Heb_8:7-13; Jer_31:31-34).

Heb 8:7  For if that first covenant had been faultless, then should no place have been sought for the second. 

Heb 8:8  For finding fault with them, he saith, Behold, the days come, saith the Lord, when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah: 

Heb 8:9  Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day when I took them by the hand to lead them out of the land of Egypt; because they continued not in my covenant, and I regarded them not, saith the Lord. 

Heb 8:10  For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days, saith the Lord; I will put my laws into their mind, and write them in their hearts: and I will be to them a God, and they shall be to me a people:

Heb 8:11  And they shall not teach every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, Know the Lord: for all shall know me, from the least to the greatest. 

Heb 8:12  For I will be merciful to their unrighteousness, and their sins and their iniquities will I remember no more. 

Heb 8:13  In that he saith, A new covenant, he hath made the first old. Now that which decayeth and waxeth old is ready to vanish away

Start Here 9/22/2020

  1. IN SUMMARY, WE ARE A:
  1. A CHOSEN GENERATION, A ROYAL PRIESTHOOD, A HOLY NATION,
  2. and God's Own Special People Who Were Once Not A People But Are Now The People Of God.
  1. That Description Should Enhance The Self-Image Of All Of God's People.
  1. The key to a good self-image is found in The Image Of What We Are In Jesus Christ.
  2. It is His Image That Is Available To Us as we trust in Christ Jesus.
  3. As the apostle Paul wrote,
  • "I have been crucified with Christ; it is no longer I who live, But Christ Lives In Me" (Gal_2:20).
  1. As a result of becoming the people of God,
  1. We should be proclaiming or communicating the praises of God who has called us into His marvelous light (1Pe_2:9).
  2. And we, who had not obtained mercy, have now obtained mercy (1Pe_2:10).

Creation Image

Gen_1:26  And God said, Let us make man in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

Gen_1:27  So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

Gen_5:3  And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth:

Gen_9:6  Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made he man.

1Co_11:7  For a man indeed ought not to cover his head, forasmuch as he is the image and glory of God: but the woman is the glory of the man.

Rom_1:23  And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, and creeping things.

Jesus Discusses Image

Mat_22:20  And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription?

Mar_12:16  And they brought it. And he saith unto them, Whose is this image and superscription? And they said unto him, Caesar's.

Luk_20:24  Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it? They answered and said, Caesar's.

Our Imagine Reversal

Rom_8:29  For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.

1Co_15:49  And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly.

2Co_3:18  But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.

Col_3:10  And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him that created him:

Jesus, The visible Image of The Father

Heb_1:3  Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

2Co_4:4  In whom the god of this world hath blinded the minds of them which believe not, lest the light of the glorious gospel of Christ, who is the image of God, should shine unto them.

Col_1:15  Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:

  1. What Marvelous Contributions To A Healthy And Good Self-Image.

  1. Growing Goes Better With Milk (1Pe_2:1-3)
  2. Building with Living Stones (1Pe_2:4-8)
  3. The Truth About Self-Image (1Pe_2:9-10)
  4. Goodness, Freedom, and Servanthood (1Pe_2:11-17)
  5. Called to Be Servants (1Pe_2:18-25)


      • Peter 2:11-17

Goodness, Freedom, and Servanthood




        1. ONCE AGAIN, PETER REFERS TO HIS READERS AS SOJOURNERS AND PILGRIMS.

    1. He uses those same terms in chapter 1, verses 1Pe_1:1 and 1Pe_1:17 (see commentary on pp. 114 and 130).

(1Pe 1:1)  Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to THE STRANGERS scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,

(1Pe 1:17)  And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of YOUR SOJOURNING here in fear:


    1. His instructions and encouragement fall into

Three Specific Areas Of Christian Lifestyle.

Goodness, Freedom, and Servanthood


GOODNESS

1Pe 2:11  Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, Abstain From Fleshly Lusts, which war against the soul; 

1Pe 2:12  Having Your Conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by your good works, which they shall behold, glorify God in the day of visitation. 

Submission to Authority

1Pe 2:13  Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme; 

1Pe 2:14  Or unto governors, as unto them that are sent by him for the punishment of evildoers, and for the praise of them that do well. 

1Pe 2:15  For so is the will of God, that with well doing ye may Put To Silence The Ignorance Of Foolish Men


    1. Live Good Lives (1Pe_2:11-15). Peter shares THREE SPECIFIC STEPS which we should follow IN LIVING GOOD LIVES before God, the world, and one another.

    • "ABSTAIN FROM FLESHLY LUSTS" (1PE_2:11).
  • Godly living always begins with the Forsaking Of Sin.
  • The word "ABSTAIN" (apéchomaı́) is the same word which Paul used when he wrote, "Abstain from every form of evil" (1Th_5:22).
  • These FLESHLY LUSTS Are Literally At WAR WITH OUR SOULS (psuchḗ)The Spiritual Part Of Us.

If we are to live good, godly lives, we must forsake those fleshly lusts.


    • "[HAVE] YOUR CONDUCT HONORABLE AMONG THE GENTILES" (1PE_2:12).
  1. Peter returns to one of the basic themes of this epistle—that of HOLY CONDUCT.
  2. He reminds us vividly that God is not merely concerned with OUR PROFESSION.
  • He is concerned with OUR POSSESSIONOUR LIFESTYLE. He desires that We Live Holy And Honorable Lives;
  • that our "CONDUCT" (ANASTROPHE) may be Observed As Good By Outsiders (see commentary on 1Pe_1:15).

1Pe 1:15  But as he which hath called you is holy, so BE YE HOLY in All Manner Of Conversation

  1. In fact, they should not only see Our Good Works; our honorable (honest) conduct SHOULD RESULT In Their Glorifying God.
  2. As Jesus said, "Let your light so shine BEFORE MEN, that they may See Your Good Works And GLORIFY YOUR FATHER IN HEAVEN" (Mat_5:16).

    • "PUT TO SILENCE THE IGNORANCE OF FOOLISH MEN" (1PE_2:15).
  1. As Peter continues on the theme of Living Good Lives before others,
  • He provides a list of specific examples of how that kind of lifestyle should be carried out in day-to-day living.
  1. He begins by saying that we should SUBMIT OURSELVES TO EVERY ORDINANCE OF MAN For The Lord's Sake (1Pe_2:13).
  2. This should be done in response to a leader of civil government when he is supreme,
  • To governors,
  • Or to the representatives of the supreme ruler
  • Who are sent to punish evildoers and to praise those who do good.
  1. Of course, Peter is writing within the context of the reign of Nero, the emperor of Rome.
  • He is stating clearly that we should Do All That We Can To Obey Civil Authorities.

(Rom 13:1)  Let every soul Be Subject Unto The Higher Powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God.

(Rom 13:2)  Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.

(Rom 13:3)  For rulers are not a terror to good works, but to the evil. Wilt thou then not be afraid of the power? Do That Which Is Good, And Thou Shalt Have Praise Of The Same:

(Rom 13:4)  For he is the minister of God to thee for good. But if thou do that which is evil, be afraid; for he beareth not the sword in vain: for he is the minister of God, a revenger to execute wrath upon him that doeth evil.

(Rom 13:5)  Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not only for wrath, but also for conscience sake.

(Rom 13:6)  For for this cause pay ye tribute also: for they are God's ministers, attending continually upon this very thing.

(Rom 13:7)  Render therefore to all their dues: tribute to whom tribute is due; custom to whom custom; fear to whom fear; honour to whom honour.

(Tit 3:1)  Put them in mind to Be Subject To Principalities And Powers, to obey magistrates, to be ready to every good work,

  • However, This Does Not Mean That We Violate The "Higher Laws" Of God nor THE LORDSHIP OF JESUS CHRIST.
  • It was Peter himself when standing on trial before the Sanhedrin who said, "We ought to obey God rather than men" (Act_5:29).
  1. When Man's Laws Come Into Conflict WITH GOD'S LAWS, we must Always Go With God.
  • Lordship sometimes requires civil disobedience. He is our Lord and King.
  • We are His servants. We are citizens of His kingdom.

FREEDOM

LIVE AS FREE PERSONS (1PE_2:16).


    1. Jesus Christ has invited us to enjoy The Life Of FREEDOM.
    2. Only in Christ can we BE TRULY FREE.
    3. When we know Him, we know truth personified and The Truth Will Make Us FREE (Joh_8:32).
    4. But, the FREEDOM that comes from Jesus Christ is not to be used as "A CLOAK FOR VICE" (1Pe_2:16)
  • —an excuse for sin. As Paul wrote,
  • "For you, brethren, have been called to LIBERTY; only Do Not Use LIBERTY as an Opportunity For The Flesh" (Gal_5:13).

    1. In fact, the FREEDOM OR LIBERTY which Comes From Christ Cannot Be Used As An Excuse For Sin.
    2. As soon as we misuse it for those ends,
  • we shall lose it and once again we are Entangled With The SLAVERY To Sin.

    1. Authentic FREEDOM is ours only when we walk in the Spirit;
  • only when JESUS CHRIST IS REIGNING as the Lord of our lives.
  1. The highest calling of life is to use our LIBERTY as servants of Jesus Christ (1Pe_2:16).
  2. The FREEDOM AND LIBERTY which come from Him continue to flow As We Serve Him And Others
  • as we continue in the flow of the fellowship of the Holy Spirit.
  • LIBERTY misused is like a mighty river flooding its banks and bringing terrible destruction upon all in its path.
  • LIBERTY used as service is like a mighty river flowing within its banks bringing life and refreshment to all who drink of its waters.
  1. LOVE is central to this kind of lifestyle.
  • As Paul wrote, "Do not use liberty as an opportunity for the flesh, but THROUGH LOVE SERVE ONE ANOTHER.
  • For All The Law Is Fulfilled In One Word, even in this: "You shall LOVE your neighbor as yourself" (Gal_5:13-14).

SERVANTHOOD

  1. Live as SERVANTS of God (1Pe_2:16-17).

    1. Peter continues his teaching on the important subject of
  • Being Servants of God by listing several specific examples of how we must do that.

    1. Again, he is writing within The Context Of Acute Suffering by Christian brothers and sisters at the hand of Rome
    2. and at the hand of the established religious rulers of Israel.
  1. "Honor all people" (1Pe_2:17).
  1. The word "HONOR" (timáō) is the same word Jesus uses in telling us to honor our father and mother (Mat_15:4),
  2. and that we should honor the Son even as we honor the Father (Joh_5:23).
  3. This is a mark of authentic Christian lifestyle—
  • That we Honor All People as our Lord does.
  • We Never Violate Others nor use them as objects. We are to love and honor them.
  1. "Love The Brotherhood" (1Pe_2:17). Agape love must flow freely and generously from the lives of true Christians. It is another mark of authentic Christian lifestyle that we love one another.

    1. As Jesus said, "By this all will know that you are My disciples, if you have love for one another" (Joh_13:35).
  1. "Fear God" (1Pe_2:17). To fear God (phobéomai) is "to revere or reverence Him"— "to be in awe in His presence."
    1. It means "to be put in fear or fright," "to be afraid."
    2. It is the word which describes the fear of the disciples when the storm arose, and they were alone in the boat (Joh_6:19).
  2. To appropriately fear God is one of the greatest needs of the contemporary church.
    1. We have made Him all too familiar.
    2. We have tended to create Him in our own image as "the man upstairs," "the good guy," or "the good Lord."
    3. We need to see the Lord high and lifted up in all of His glory and might, and then to bow in awe in His presence, to revere and worship Him.
  3. "Honor the king" (1Pe_2:17).
  1. The same word is used here for honor (timáō) as is used earlier in verse 1Pe_2:17 in encouraging us to honor all people.
  2. It is natural for us to honor a good king or a ruler whom we respect. However, Peter is asking his readers to honor no one less than Nero himself.
  3. That is another mark of authentic Christian lifestyle—to love and honor even the tyrants of our society, those who would abuse and persecute us (Mat_5:44).

doulos

doo'-los

a slave (literally or figuratively, involuntarily or voluntarily; frequently therefore in a qualified sense of subjection or subserviency):

- bond (-man), servant.

diakonos

dee-ak'-on-os

Probably from διάκω diakō (obsolete, to run on errands; compare G1377); an attendant, that is, (generally) a waiter (at table or in other menial duties); specifically a Christian teacher and pastor (technically a deacon or deaconess):

- deacon, minister, servant.


Conference Call Instructions

Bible Study Conference Call

Welcome, to the Oak Grove Baptist Church Weekly Bible Study Conference Call.

You can join the conference by dialing: (404) 891-6338 after prompted enter the conference ID# (which is the church telephone number) (770)775-4749. When prompted give your name and remain on the line for the conference to begin. The conference will begin when the host joins the conference and when two or more participants are online, please be patient while listening to the music.