Oak Grove Baptist Church

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"Keep My Statutes and Ordinances"

Weekly Adult Sunday School Lesson (KJV)
Adult Sunday School Lesson Summary for March 25, 2018

  • Lesson Text: 2 Corinthians 7:12-22
  • Background Scripture: 2 Corinthians 7:12-22
  • Devotional Reading: Isaiah 58:6-12


2 Chronicles 7:12-22 (KJV)

12 And the Lord appeared to Solomon by night, and said unto him, I have heard thy prayer, and have chosen this place to myself for an house of sacrifice.

13 If I shut up heaven that there be no rain, or if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among my people; 
14 If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land. 
15 Now mine eyes shall be open, and mine ears attent unto the prayer that is made in this place. 
16 For now have I chosen and sanctified this house, that my name may be there for ever: and mine eyes and mine heart shall be there perpetually. 
17 And as for thee, if thou wilt walk before me, as David thy father walked, and do according to all that I have commanded thee, and shalt observe my statutes and my judgments; 
18 Then will I stablish the throne of thy kingdom, according as I have covenanted with David thy father, saying, There shall not fail thee a man to be ruler in Israel. 
19 But if ye turn away, and forsake my statutes and my commandments, which I have set before you, and shall go and serve other gods, and worship them; 
20 Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of my land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for my name, will I cast out of my sight, and will make it to be a proverb and a byword among all nations. 
21 And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, Why hath the Lord done thus unto this land, and unto this house? 
22 And it shall be answered, Because they forsook the Lord God of their fathers, which brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath he brought all this evil upon them.


Learning Fact: To summarize the promises of both blessing and discipline that the Lord spoke to Solomon.
Biblical Principle: To tell how these promises serve to both encourage and warn Christians today. 
Daily Application: To keep a journal during the coming week in which to record times of blessing and discipline from the Lord, along with lessons learned from these experiences.


  Many people are big fans of the TV programs that feature homes undergoing a major renovation. Some use the term makeover to describe the sweeping changes made to a house. When the project is complete, the “before and after” contrasts are amazing to see.
  The previous two lessons covered the dedication ceremony of the newly completed temple in Jerusalem. Today’s lesson follows with a solemn warning from the Lord to Solomon that disobedience would result in what we might call a reverse makeover to that structure. The “before and after” contrast would be amazing in a bewildering way. How could something so unthinkable happen? A structure dedicated to God meant nothing if the people themselves were not dedicated to being God’s people. What was true in Solomon’s time is no less true today.



Time: 959 B.C.
Place: Jerusalem
  Between the final verse of last week’s lesson treatment and the first verse of this week’s is the single verse 2 Chronicles 7:11: “Thus Solomon finished the house of the Lord, and the king’s house: and all that came into Solomon’s heart to make in the house of the Lord, and in his own house, he prosperously effected.” Yes, Solomon’s accomplishment was indeed impressive (see the temple dimensions in chapter 3 and the temple furnishings in chapter 4). Further, the people whom he ruled were “glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the Lord had shewed unto David, and to Solomon, and to Israel his people” (7:10).
  Perhaps the king was tempted to rest on his laurels at that point, satisfied with his record. But God desired far more from Solomon and from the Israelites than the mere construction of a building. God wanted what He has always wanted from His people, be they kings or commoners: obedience. Not even a temple as magnificent as the one Solomon had just completed could substitute for that.
  As today’s text opens, the year would have been 959 B.C. Parallel in content to today’s lesson text is 1 Kings 9:1-9.


Conditional Blessings for The People: 2 Chronicles 7:12-16 
1. What was the significance of God calling the temple a “house of sacrifice?” (2 Chronicles 7:12, 15, 16)

  This is the second time the Lord has appeared to Solomon by night. Perhaps God does this deliberately in order to call Solomon’s mind back to the first time, when the Lord said, “Ask what I shall give thee” (2 Chronicles 1:7). In response, Solomon had requested “wisdom and knowledge” for ruling (1:10). The Lord was pleased with this response and promised Solomon that and much more (1:11, 12).
  The Lord deems it important to affirm that He has heard Solomon’s prayer (2 Chron. 7:12). God’s eyes would be on the house Solomon had built and dedicated, and His ears would be alert to hear the prayers of His people (v. 15). The people and their king had dedicated the house to the Lord, but now He would sanctify the house and make it His own (v. 16).
What Do You Think? 
How did an experience of God’s answer to a prayer shape your attitude toward future prayers?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

  • When the answer was a long time coming
  • When the answer came quickly

2. What specific consequences did God lay out for the people? (2 Chronicles 7:13)

  By contrast, the Lord set out the consequences of disobedience (v. 13). The language of the threenegative situations here are all reflected in the language of Solomon’s dedicatory prayer (2 Chronicles 6:26-28). Solomon has noted the cause for God’s needing to take such action: sin (6:26). The outcomes of famine (due to no rain or locusts) and pestilence (or plague) are mentioned within the curses pronounced by Moses when he warned the Israelites of how they would be disciplined should they turn away from God (Deuteronomy 11:17; 28:21, 38).
What Do You Think? 
Thinking of a time when God seemed to be disciplining you, how do you know it was not merely natural consequences at work?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

  • Considering the nature of your actions
  • Considering the eventual result
  • Considering scriptural precedent (or lack thereof)

3. What would the people have to do to remove God’s discipline from them? (2 Chronicles 7:14a)
  The conditional if statement here introduces reasons why the deadly conditions of verse 13 need not be permanent. With the Lord there is and will be hope! Again, this reflects the contents of Solomon’s earlier prayer. After describing the withholding of rain because of the people’s sin, Solomon prayed, “If they pray toward this place, and confess thy name, and turn from their sin, when thou dost afflict them; then hear thou from heaven, and forgive the sin of thy servants, and of thy people Israel” (2 Chronicles 6:26, 27). God’s disciplinary action must be recognized as such by His people, and they must respond to it in the way directed by the Lord in the verse before us. The steps of repentance are four in number:

  • First, the wayward people are to humble themselves. Scripture contains ample warnings and examples about the danger of pride (Proverbs 16:18; Daniel 4:28-33; James 4:6). Humility acknowledges one’s need for God and dependence on Him (2 Chronicles 12:6; Isaiah 57:15; 1 Peter 5:6).
  • Second is to pray. Prayer is a must, especially when turning away from sin, as is the case here. One may consider David’s earnest prayer of repentance in Psalm 51 and the simple yet heartfelt plea of the publican in Jesus’ parable: “God be merciful to me a sinner” (Luke 18:13).

  Third is to seek the Lord’s face. This implies a desire for the closest kind of relationship. David expressed such a longing in Psalm 27:8. Jeremiah gave this promise to God’s wayward people: “Ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall search for me with all your heart” (Jeremiah 29:13).
  It will do no good to take the first three steps without taking the fourth: sinners must turn from their wicked ways. Words of contrition must be followed up by actions that match. To turn from one’s sinful ways is precisely what the biblical teaching about repentance means: to do an “about face,” reversing the course of one’s conduct. The process embodied by the terms used in this verse indicates a total surrender to God.
What Do You Think? 
How should evidence of genuine repentance manifest itself in the twenty-first century?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

  • In terms of how humility is manifested
  • In terms of prayers offered
  • In terms of attitudes toward God
  • In terms of behaviors abandoned
  • Other

2 Chronicles 7:14b 
  Ultimately God’s response to such determination is total as well. Forgiveness of sin will go hand in hand with healing of the land This suggests a reversal of whatever conditions have been part of God’s disciplinary action. If rain has been withheld, it will now fall freely. The effects of any locust plague or any pestilence will be replaced by the provision of God’s blessings (compare Exodus 15:26).


Conditional Blessings for Solomon: 2 Chronicles 7:17, 18

4. What specific commands did God lay out for Solomon? (2 Chronicles 7:17, 18)
  Now the Lord’s message transitions from a focus on the temple and the people to Solomon himself. The message begins with another conditional if-statement that focuses on behavior. That behavior is stated in terms of David’s walk as an example for Solomon to follow. The evidence of a right walk will be seen in obedience to God’s statutes and judgments. Clearly, Solomon’s responsibility before the Lord is not fulfilled simply because the temple is completed!
  To walk as David walked does not imply perfection, for David was certainly no perfect man. But the overall direction of his life was pleasing to God, who calls him “a man after mine own heart” (Acts 13:22). When David was confronted about his sinful behavior, he acknowledged his guilt without reservation (2 Samuel 12:13; Psalm 51).
What Do You Think? 
Do the requirements for walking before God differ from person to person? Why, or why not?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

  • In terms of spiritual disciplines (personal Bible study, prayer, etc.)
  • In terms of personality characteristics (extravert vs. introvert, etc.)
  • In terms of age
  • Other

2 Chronicles 7:18
 We expect an if-statement to be followed by a then-statement, and that is certainly the case here (v. 18). The promise made to David in 2 Samuel 7:13, 16 can be Solomon’s as well. As David lay dying, he had voiced this same promise, along with the challenge of the previous verse, to Solomon (1 Kings 2:1-4).


Consequences of Turning Away from God: 2 Chronicles 7:19-22
5. What would happen if Solomon decided to “turn away” from God? (2 Chronicles 7:19-22)
  The consequences of turning away and forsaking the Lord and following other gods will be disastrous. Solomon himself must take these cautions personally; as the leader of God’s people, he is responsible to set the example of observing the Lord’s statutes and commandments. 
  More specifically, the primary warning given in this segment of the text concerns idolatry—the decision to go and serve other gods and worship them. This violates the very first of the Ten Commandments. 
  Sadly, Solomon did not obey this command. Solomon went after many false gods, including Ashtoreth the goddess of the Zidonians, as well as Milcom the abomination of the Ammonites (See 1 Kings 11:5-8).
  God also said that if the people reverse their loyalty to Him and turn from Him, then He will reverse His loyalty to them and turn from them by plucking them “up by the roots” (2 Chronicles 7:20a). This eventually happens during the time of the divided monarchy. Israel (the northern kingdom) is conquered by the Assyrians, and later Judah (the southern kingdom) is conquered by the Babylonians (2 Kings 17, 25).
  The Lord also said He would reject the temple and make it a “proverb and a byword among all nations” (2 Chronicles 7:20b). Instead of being awestruck at the sight of the renowned temple, passers-by will be stunned to see it lying in ruins (v. 21). Ancient peoples often think of deity as responsible for the condition of the local temple and of the surrounding territory where the worshippers live. Given that belief, the question Why hath the Lord done thus unto this land, and unto this house? is bound to arise.
  In the case of Israel, the destruction of the temple will not reflect poorly on the Lord; it will reflect poorly on His people who will have forsaken Him (v. 22). The reference to the people’s deliverance from bondage in Egypt is important to note; it suggests that they will have forgotten their history, their roots. They will have forgotten that no other people have a history like theirs because no other people have a God who can do the wonders that only He is capable of.
  The word evil does not refer to a moral evil, which God does not inflict (James 1:13). Rather, it refers to the physical disaster that eventually befalls both the northern and southern kingdoms as a result of God’s judgment. That will happen because the people will have worshipped and served other gods instead of the God who delivered them from bondage and established His covenant with them. They will have no one but themselves to blame for their sad state.
What Do You Think? 
What lessons did you learn from observing someone become a cautionary tale (served as a warning) because of disobeying God?

Talking Points for Your Discussion

  • Regarding the personal impact of sin
  • Regarding the impact of sin on others
  • Regarding the character of God
  • Regarding the response of God’s people
  • Other


Words for Today?

  The words of 2 Chronicles 7:14 include a very special promise from God to Solomon following the completion and dedication of the temple in Jerusalem. The verse reads, “If my people, which are called by my name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek my face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.” 
  Over the years many Christians, particularly in the United States, have quoted this verse in appealing for nationwide repentance and revival. Critics claim that such a view is taking the verse out of its original context since the term “my people” refers to Old Testament Israel, with which God had a special covenant relationship. No nation today, the critics claim, has the right to quote and apply this verse. Some say that it is a bit arrogant for any nation to claim to be “God’s people.”
  While it is true that the words of this verse are addressed specifically to Old Testament Israel, does that mean it’s wrong to apply the principle and the promise of the verse to any other nation in history? One of the foundational teachings of Scripture is that God is willing to forgive any individual or nation turning to Him in true repentance (compare Luke 24:47; Revelation 21:24; etc.).
  One of the lessons Jeremiah learned from his visit to the potter’s house was that God blesses or disciplines a nation or kingdom (implying any nation or kingdom) because of the choices its people make (Jeremiah 18:1-10). Jonah’s experience in Nineveh revealed that non-Israelites would be shown mercy if they demonstrated genuine repentance—and they did.
  Rather than focus too closely on trying to identify “my people,” it is probably preferable to focus on bringing as many individuals as possible to the place where they can address the Lord as “my God.” That place is the forgiveness available only in Jesus.

  Heavenly Father, we recognize that what You challenged Your people to do in Solomon’s day is what You challenge us to do now: humble ourselves, pray, seek Your face, and turn from evil ways. Help us to give heed to both Your warning and Your promise of blessing. We pray in Jesus’ name. Amen.

  “The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit: a broken and a contrite heart, O God, thou wilt not despise” (Psalm 51:17).

  The next lesson “He Has Risen” will focus on the resurrection of Jesus Christ our Lord and Savior. Study Luke 24:1-2, 30-35. Happy Resurrection Sunday!  

Cathi Sasportas
Jesus Is All Ministries



Bible App for iPhone and iPad, Version 5.0.3, LifeChurch.tv, 2018.

Holman Bible Dictionary, Holman Bible Publishers. 

Life Application Bible—New Revised Standard Version. Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House Publishers. 

Scofield, C.I., ed.  The New Scofield Study Bible—King James Version. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Summary and commentary derived from Standard Lesson Commentary Copyright 2018 by permission of Standard Publishing. 

The KJV Parallel Bible Commentary, by Nelson Books.

The Pulpit Commentary, Spence-Jones, H. D. M. (Hrsg.), Bellingham, WA : Logos Research Systems, Inc.

Wiersbe, The Bible Exposition Commentary, Cook


Jesus Is All Ministries Staff

Willie Ferrell
Renee Little
Horace Hayes
Felicia Pinkney
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